What policy did the new united states pursue in its dealings with native americans


The United States Policy Towards Native Americans

The United States has a long and complicated history with Native Americans. For many years, the government’s policy towards Native Americans was to force them onto reservations and to try to assimilate them into white society. However, this policy changed in the late 1800s and early 1900s and the government began to recognize the rights of Native Americans.

The European Colonization of America


The European colonization of the Americas principles and practices regarding Native Americans were very different than what the Native Americans had been accustomed to. The new policy pursued by the United States government was one of assimilation. The government’s goal was to transform Native Americans into farmers and ranchers who would adopt the Euro-American way of life.

During the early years of colonization, many Native American nations could boast of large populations and great wealth. However, by the early 20th century, most Native American peoples had been forced onto reservations, which were often located in remote and isolated areas. Many Native Americans also experienced great economic hardship due to federal policies that favored white settlers over them.

The American Revolution

The American Revolution (1775–1783) was a time of great upheaval and uncertainty for Native Americans. While some Indigenous peoples sided with the British and others with the Patriot rebels, many tried to remain neutral. After the war, Native Americans were left out of the process of drafting the new United States Constitution, and they were not included as citizens. In the years that followed, Native Americans experienced betrayal, dispossession, and violence at the hands of the new American government.

The Indian Removal Act


In May 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the president to negotiate treaties that exchanged Native American Indian lands in the eastern United States for lands west of the Mississippi River. Although Native Americans had been living on the land for thousands of years, white settlers believed that the land was their divine right and began moving west in increasing numbers.

Native American tribes were reluctant to give up their lands, but they realized that they would be outnumbered and outgunned by the United States government. In 1838, the U.S. Army began forcibly removing Native Americans from their lands in what is now known as the Trail of Tears. Thousands of Native Americans died during this brutal relocation process.

The Native American Response to the United States’ Policy

The United States’ policy toward Native Americans has varied greatly over time. At first, the focus was on trying to convert them to Christianity and European ways of life. Later, the policy turned to one of forced removal from their homelands to make way for settlement and economic development by white Americans. Most recently, the policy has been one of self-determination and self-sufficiency.

The Tecumseh Confederacy

Tecumseh was a Shawnee chief who, in the early 1800s, developed a pan-tribal resistance to the takeover of native lands by American settlers. In September 1811, his forces—which included members of the Miami, Ottawa, Potawatomi, and Wyandot peoples—inflicted a crushing defeat on an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe. The Tecumseh Confederacy was effectively destroyed when Tecumseh was killed at the Battle of the Thames in October 1813.

The Battle of Little Bighorn

In 1876, the Sioux, led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, dealt the U.S. Army its worst defeat in the West at the Battle of Little Bighorn. The Native American victory sparked a mass migration of Plains Indians to Canada.

The Ghost Dance

The Native American Ghost Dance is a spiritual movement that came about as a result of the profound mistreatment of Native Americans by the United States government. It was a way for them to connect with their ancestors and the spirit world in order to bring about change. The Ghost Dance was first performed in the late 1800s and continued into the early 1900s. It gained popularity after the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890, when over 200 Lakota Sioux were killed by the United States Army.


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